Heat Pump vs. Electric Heat: Which Is Better For Your Home?

Are you trying to decide between a heat pump vs electric heat for your home? With so many options available, it can be challenging to determine which one is the best fit. In this article, we’ll evaluate both systems’ cost-effectiveness, energy efficiency, environmental footprint, and safety.

Which is the better option for your specific needs? Let’s take a closer look!

Heat Pumps

A heat pump transfers thermal energy from one place to another, usually from outside air, into the building’s interior space. The heat pump system consists of an outdoor unit with a compressor, condenser coils, expansion valve, and evaporator coil. It also includes an indoor unit with fan motors and filters.

Some common types of heat pumps include air source heat pumps, water sources heat pumps, and geothermal heat pumps. Heat pump systems can be used for cooling in the summer and generating heat during the winter months.

Electric Heating

heat pump vs electric heat radiator in home

Electric heating systems use electricity as their primary fuel source to generate warmth within homes or businesses. This type of heating system typically includes baseboard radiators or wall-mounted convectors that contain electrical elements.

These elements convert electrical current into heat energy when activated by thermostats located throughout the building’s interior spaces. Additionally, some electric heating systems use electrical resistance baseboard heaters to generate warmth.

Heat Pump vs. Electric Heat Comparison

Here are some key points to consider when deciding between heat pumps vs electric heating:

Costs

You’ll need to consider two types of costs: initial installation and operation costs.

Initial Installation Costs

Heat pumps are typically more expensive to install than electric heating systems. The cost of putting in a heat pump system can vary from $3,000 to $10,000, depending on the size and complexity of the system. Electric heating systems are usually less expensive than heat pumps, ranging from $1,704 – $7,080 for a complete installation.

Operating Costs

Operating costs for both systems vary based on local energy rates and usage patterns. Generally speaking, heat pumps are more efficient than electric heating systems due to their ability to transfer heat rather than generate it directly. This means they use less energy overall, lowering operating costs over time.

Regular upkeep from an experienced professional is essential to ensure that both heating systems work optimally and securely. For example, heat pumps will need periodic cleaning and filter changes.

On the other hand, electric heating units should have their elements checked regularly for signs of wear or damage. This could lead to higher energy bills or safety issues if left unchecked.

Energy Efficiency

Regarding efficiency, heat pumps, and electric heaters offer advantages in terms of energy savings.

heat pump vs electric heat doing better work for environment

The greater the number, the more adeptly electricity is employed to warm a house. Heat pumps typically have an Energy Star rating of 8 or higher, while electric heating systems can range from 6-8 depending on their design and components. Electric heating systems may also be eligible for tax credits or rebates if they meet specific requirements.

Seasonal performance ratings measure a system’s performance over time during different seasons. For example, an 8 SEER heat pump can be more advantageous in winter than a 6 SEER rating because it utilizes less power for generating equivalent warmth than its lower-rated version.

Some electric heating systems are also designed to provide supplemental heat during cold weather months when temperatures drop below freezing. These units often have higher seasonal performance ratings than those not offering this feature.

Environmental Impact

The carbon footprint reduction potential of heat pumps and electric heating systems varies depending on the type of energy source used to power them. Heat pumps utilize electricity as a fundamental energy source, thus enabling them to be driven by renewable sources like solar or wind power.

This means they have a lower carbon footprint than fossil fuel-powered systems like a gas furnace or boiler. Conversely, electric heaters require electricity generated from sources like coal or natural gas plants that are not renewable. This yields higher emissions than electric furnaces, heat pumps, and any other air conditioner.

Safety Considerations

When it comes to safety considerations for home heating systems, heat pumps, and electric heating both have their unique risks. If improperly installed and maintained, heat pumps draw power from an outdoor unit, creating potential shock or electrocution dangers.

Electric heating also has electrical components that one should handle carefully to avoid shocks or other injuries. Additionally, both systems may require additional wiring or rewiring of existing circuits to meet current safety standards.

Heat pumps use refrigerant lines that run between the indoor and outdoor units, which could potentially leak combustible gasses into the home if not properly sealed off during installation or maintenance procedures.

Electric heating elements can become extremely hot during operation, and you should avoid flammable materials such as curtains, furniture, rugs, etc.

Heat Pump vs. Electric Heat: Which One Should You Choose?

heat pump vs electric heat researching pump types

The best choice will depend on your individual needs and preferences. Other factors contributing to your choice include; budget, energy efficiency requirements, environmental considerations, and safety concerns.

An air source heat pump may be the best solution if you are looking for an affordable and efficient way to keep your home comfortable all year round with minimal upkeep requirements. If you prefer a system with higher upfront costs but better control of temperature levels in different parts of the house, an electric heater might work better. Ultimately, it’s essential to consider all factors before making this critical decision.

Conclusion

Both heat pumps and electric heating systems are viable options for keeping your home warm and comfortable during different seasons. If properly installed and maintained, they can also provide energy savings, environmental sustainability, and safety considerations.

If you’d like a custom recommendation from a trusted team of professionals, Aquarius Home Services is here to help. Contact us today to find the perfect system to keep you and your family comfortable year-round.

Jack Livingston
Jack Livingston
1721093363
Nicholas was an extremely helpful technician. He was thorough and fixed our issue at a reasonable cost. We were impressed with the customer service we got both from him and everyone at Aquarius. Thanks for getting us in within 24 hours, fixing our air conditioning and explaining what was going on.
Sandy Oldeen
Sandy Oldeen
1721089662
Mike Lauer from Aquarius came to service my A/C. Mike was so kind in informing me of my options. He had my trust right away. In the end I purchased a new unit. Mike is definitely an asset to Aquarius. Thanks for the good service Mike!
Karen Arcand
Karen Arcand
1721088008
Leigh Griffith
Leigh Griffith
1720985156
Nick did a nice job of showing us what was affecting our AC and the problems that were looming with our furnace.
Scott Moore
Scott Moore
1720976548
The technician worked hard and did a great job.
Mary Cole
Mary Cole
1720816564
Had technician, Nathan come to perform yearly check on AC Very knowledgeable and explained everything. Bonus points for fixing the pesky rattle from the ductwork!
Jessica McDougall
Jessica McDougall
1720815008
Aquarius has consistently been great at fast response times, responsive communication, and willingness to teach about the maintenance procedures they perform. We will never go back to anyone else!
Nancy Melvin
Nancy Melvin
1720809794
Provided prompt and professional service.
Sean M
Sean M
1720808556
Stephen Clonkey
Stephen Clonkey
1720801379
Riley was very thorough and communicated with us very well.
Jessica Kohl
Jessica Kohl
1720723436
Mike C was my technician and he was AWESOME, very nice, knowledgeable, respectful inside my home (wore booties, didn’t touch newly painted walls, even picking up clumps of insulation on the carpet and putting in his pocket so it wasn’t on the floor, turning off lights) he was great!
Tim Peterson
Tim Peterson
1720718604
Highly recommend Aquarius Home Services. Mike was very professional and explained everything in easy to understand detail. Keep up the good work!
Natalia Yasama
Natalia Yasama
1720656615
There is no better technician than Riley !Very professional, honest , perfectionist. 11 stars service .
Karl Witt
Karl Witt
1720640365
Super great experience! Air conditioning went out at 10 o’clock in the morning and the technician arrived here by 1:45 and completed the repair in less than 45 minutes. Graham, the technician, was really awesome and did a great job with repair.
Bonster Bon
Bonster Bon
1720639807
He did a good job representing your company young man explain things thank you Ethan
JD Smith
JD Smith
1720631805
Excellent deal, sales person, and installation techs. Staff are friendly, they listen to you, and are professional! Two thumbs up! Thank you Thomas, Mick, and Jeff!
Hans Schroeder
Hans Schroeder
1720627228
Mary Schmuland
Mary Schmuland
1720616091
Professional, proficient, courteous, and going above and beyond! We were extremely satisfied with John and his plumbing services; removed garbage disposal, connected new faucet and soap dispenser, rectified hook-up with Aquarius water filter to our refrigerator, and installed new sink drains. He was prompt, worked in a congested cabinet, and did a superb job with attention to details. Would be glad to trust him and his expertise, again! Pleasant and focused!
Carmelo Panetta
Carmelo Panetta
1720569940
Brandon did a great job cleaning five mini split airconditioning, including fixing a broken one.
Ayrlahn Johnson
Ayrlahn Johnson
1720566419
The Boogieman came out and fixed our furnace and AC in one fell swoop. Got them both working. We were heated up a bit but now Cooler heads 😎 are prevailing!
Gregg Barker
Gregg Barker
1720566016
Riley and Brent did an awesome job. The communication with scheduling and knowing when someone was coming was frustrating as the time kept changing.
Becky Hansen
Becky Hansen
1720565057
No pressure sales appointment tget went over all tge options, got an appointment with 3 days to have the install. The install guys gave ne s call ahead. They put in the nee furnace & AC unit, explained what they did and also showed us. They took ff the service call charge as we bought the units as it was not worth fixing (our AC was 41 years old we found out) Travis Lee and his partner were professional and very knowledgeable. Would highly recommend Aquarius
Denise Bratvold
Denise Bratvold
1720545466
Another seamless experience with Aquarius Home Services. The timely communication with Jeremy from before arrival continued as he worked through my water heater problem and options for solutions. Would highly recommended AHS.
LaNae Christenson
LaNae Christenson
1720536581
Chris came to evaluate a slow leak and quickly found the source of the problem. He gave the best and worst case scenario and got to work right away. I appreciated his candor and professionalism throughout the entire process and am very pleased with the result. I would definitely call again if needed.
Barb Galvez
Barb Galvez
1720535493
Tech was awesome, friendly and very well qualified for my AC tune ups.
melissa goldman
melissa goldman
1720478062
Just can't say enough good things about Aquarius. We've general contracted a couple of our own homes and have never worked with such professional, knowledgeable and kind people. We had a Kinetico system installed that Brian coordinated. Even though we have Kinetico water filtration in other homes and are familiar, he pointed out things that we didn't know. Paul worked on our plumbing and was equally wonderful. Just made everything so easy. We had a sizeable amount of electrical work done by Dave and AJ and Erik. Absolutely top shelf every step of the way. AJ even, on his own time, went in search of a scarce part we needed to finish the upgrades. He found it and finished in one day! AJ really went above and beyond throughout. They all did. Truly so grateful to the teams and can't recommend them highly enough.
Linda Thompson
Linda Thompson
1720473879
They installed a tank less water heater. We were very impressed with their work. Very knowledgeable and courteous. A GREAT team.
Matt Schifsky
Matt Schifsky
1720470294
Quick response to a cut gas line. Friendly technician.
Lee Daniels
Lee Daniels
1720466379
If i could give zero stars i would. Contacted who we thought was Freedom Heating and Air a local small business and got Aquarius a greedy corporation. Got a quote over the phone of $98 to install a new smart thermostat that we purchased. Technician came out less than 30 minutes it was installed since the smart thermostat is hardwired into our furnace. Then was told the cost was $345! Talk about bait and switch. This company is a total scam. Asked to speak with someone with customer care….still waiting. Finding a new company for any future needs. Avoid this Aquarius. They ruined a perfectly good small business. DO NOT RECOMMEND! Avoid! Call someone else!
Robert Abbott
Robert Abbott
1720459912
Dave did an electric panel inspection and house wiring inspection. He was extremely professional and broke everything down into language i understood. You are my electric repair company of choice because of the great and professional employees you have working for you! I’d say it was 5 star service as usual!!!
Janet Boeckmann
Janet Boeckmann
1720457435
Eric was the service guy who came out to do a check upOn our water conditioner. He was on time, very professional and explained what he did. We would highly recommend Aquarius home services !
Joan Holmes
Joan Holmes
1720453542
We had a great experience with the entire team from sales to water treatment team. We were so pleased that we took your offer to have our furnace tuned up by your people. Thank you!
Kay Wortman
Kay Wortman
1720280580
They are real thorough and good at what they do. Very clean and clean everything when they are done could not even tell they were there at all .Problem with sink all fixed.would highly recommend them.
EDWIN MEKENYE
EDWIN MEKENYE
1720237776
Knowledgeable technicians, professional and simply marvelous in what they do.Boss, kindly give them a raise!
Myra Kunas
Myra Kunas
1720228638
Great service. Was able to come out the same day to help with a plumbing issue and even showed me a bunch of helpful information about our water softener that has plagued me for 15 years. Highly recommend.
William Green
William Green
1720215619
Tech diagnosed problem and replaced part. Quick service. I would do business with them again and recommend them four you service needs
Joe Y
Joe Y
1720215261
Mary
Mary
1720213282
Ethan was very professional and thorough. Easy to discuss details of the service. I would recommend Aquarius.
Don Meyers
Don Meyers
1720212412
I appreciated the thorough inspection and the care and maintenance advice. Unfortunately our concern with the system was due to the length of travel with the duct work. So no increase in cooling.
Steven Emert
Steven Emert
1720206147
Very thorough, knowledgeable, up front about what is and isn’t needed, costs.
Jackie Anderson
Jackie Anderson
1720200877
Michael Russo
Michael Russo
1720189389
As always, outstanding, communicative customer service and Nick the technician gave my furnace a head to toe tune up. The best
karyn proulx
karyn proulx
1720147687
Anita Prairie
Anita Prairie
1720046929
Christiane Ickx
Christiane Ickx
1720045544
They did one outstanding job! I would highly recommend them!
Pam Borgan
Pam Borgan
1720042057
Riley was an amazing technician and explained everything totally. I would highly recommend him to anyone.
Bob Singleton
Bob Singleton
1720038418
Techs were on time, friendly and skilled. I had a bigger problem than I thought and they handled it well.
Christopher Christenson
Christopher Christenson
1720037545
Seems like they decided my house would be a good one to let a trainee go at it. They damaged my siding on a simple job. I highly regret not going with another company. Not worth the cost.I paid the high cost to ensure the best service, but they screwed it up.
Mickey Olson
Mickey Olson
1720031959
Techs were great. Very informative and polite. Explained everything I needed to know. Thanks
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